COMPARISON OF CLINICAL AND ANGIOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF DIABETIC AND NON-DIABETIC PATIENTS WITH ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
Objectives: In this study, we evaluated the differences in clinical and angiographic profiles of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) at a tertiary care cardiac hospital in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary care cardiac hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. The study included consecutive adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Diabetic and non-diabetic patients were compared for clinical and angiographic profiles.
Results: The study sample consisted of 43.8% (218) diabetic patients. The mean age was 59.03 ± 9.69 years vs. 49.54 ± 11.53 years; p<0.001, proportion of females was 35.3% (77) vs. 14.6% (41); p<0.001, Killip class III or IV was (17) vs. 2.5% (7), and hypertension was 83% (181) vs. 56.8% (159); p<0.001 among the diabetic and non-diabetic group, respectively. The frequency of multi-vessel disease was 50.9% (111) vs. 39.6% (111), the significant left main disease was 5% (11) vs. 2.5% (7), and initial TIMI III flow was 19.3% (42) vs. 25.4% (71) in diabetic and non-diabetic patients, respectively.
Conclusion: In conclusion, diabetes in STEMI setting is associated with complex coronary artery diseases, more hemodynamic instability at presentation, and the presence of multiple co-morbid conditions.
Copyright (c) 2022 Pakistan Heart Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
When an article is accepted for publication in the print format, the author will be required to transfer exclusive copyright to the PHJ and retain the rights to use and share their published article with others. However, re-submission of the full article or any part for publication by a third party would require prior permission of the PHJ.
Online publication will allow the author to retain the copyright and share the article under the agreement described in the licensing rights with creative commons, with appropriate attribution to PHJ. Creative Commons attribution license CC BY 4.0 is applied to articles published in PHJ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/