Submissions

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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

    The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
    The submission file is in OpenOffice or Microsoft Word document file format.
    The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
    Title Page:

    A separate title page containing following information is prepared and it should be uploaded as a supplementary file

    a) The complete title of the manuscript

    b) The name of all the authors

    c) The department or institution to which they are affiliated

    d) Address for correspondence with telephone numbers, cell phones, e-mail,

    e) Source of Funding, Conflict of Interest, and Disclosure(s)

    Manuscript:

    The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

    ERC/IRB Approval Letter:

    All the studies must be approved by the relevant Ethics Committee/Institution Review Boards of the respective institutions and approval letter should be uploaded as a supplementary file along with the manuscript.

    Informed consent of the patients participating in the study should be undertaken. And should be uploaded as a supplementary file for case reports and case series

    Suggested Reviewers:

    Recommend at least two (2) colleagues and mentors who will provide an impartial and timely review. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please do not add yourself or co-authors. Please note that the Editors are not obligated to invite any recommended reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    Please upload following details of the recommended reviewers as a supplementary file in a separate word document;

    a) Full Name, designation, and affiliation

    b) Contact number and email address
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1xdIwTGMUDPOZCILW-A9KtIF7YWP6PLGR/view?usp=sharing

    Authorship Responsibility & Copyright Transfer Form:

    Please download the "Authorship Responsibility & Copyright Transfer Form" and upload as a supplementary file along with the manuscript.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1JbDu4SIcXvcI4rHeGOcPcu7k6swc29YX/view?usp=sharing

    Processing Fees
    For local manuscripts, 1st of July 2022 onwards a non-refundable processing fee of Pak Rs. 5,000/- and for overseas 30 US Dollar will be charged against each submitted original article, review article, and case report. There will be no processing charges for the submission to learning corner, special communications, short communications, and editorial.

Author Guidelines

All material submitted for publication should be sent exclusively to the Pakistan Heart Journal. Work that has already been reported in a published paper or in described in a paper sent for accepted elsewhere for publication should not be submitted. Multiple or duplicate submission of the same work to other journal should be avoided as this fall into the category of publication fraud and is liable for disciplinary consequences, including reporting to Pakistan Medical & Dental Council and Higher Education Commission. A complete report following publication of a preliminary report, usually in the form of an abstract, or a paper that has been presented at scientific meeting, if not published in full in a proceedings or similar publication, may be submitted.

  1. SUBMISSION OF ARTICLE

Pak Heart J is one of the first Pakistani medical journal that provides easy and user friendly ONLINE SUBMISSION OF ARTICLES on its web site. Submissions are allowed only on line.

Visit http://www.pakheartjournal.com and REGISTER yourself as AUTHOR by filling a form.

Log in with your username and password.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Open Office or Microsoft Word document file format.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • Title Page: A separate title page containing following information is prepared and it should be uploaded as a supplementary file
  1. The complete title of the manuscript
  2. The name of all the authors
  3. The department or institution to which they are affiliated
  4. Address for correspondence with telephone numbers, cell phones, e-mail,
  5. Source of Funding, Conflict of Interest, and Disclosure(s)
  • Manuscript: The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • ERC/IRB Approval Letter: All the studies must be approved by the relevant Ethics Committee/Institution Review Boards of the respective institutions and approval letter should be uploaded as a supplementary file along with the manuscript.

Informed consent of the patients participating in the study should be undertaken. And should be uploaded as a supplementary file for case reports and case series

  • Suggested Reviewers: Recommend at least two (2) colleagues and mentors who will provide an impartial and timely review. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please do not add yourself or co-authors. Please note that the Editors are not obligated to invite any recommended reviewers to assess your manuscript.

Please upload following details of the recommended reviewers as a supplementary file in a separate word document;

  1. Full Name, designation, and affiliation
  2. Contact number and email address
  • Authorship Responsibility & Copyright Transfer Form: Please download the "Authorship Responsibility & Copyright Transfer Form" and upload as a supplementary file along with the manuscript. Authorship Responsibility & Copyright Transfer Form is available from the journal website
  1. FORMAT REQUIREMENTS

While submitting manuscripts, please carefully follow the instructions given below:-

Summary of Technical Requirements

  • The journal will accept: (a) Original research articles (b) Review articles (c) Case reports (d) Letter to the Editor and (e) Editorials (f) Special communication (g) Short communications
  • Review the sequence: title page, abstract and key words, text, acknowledgments, references, tables, legends.
  • Manuscript should not exceed 20 pages excluding tables and references.
  • There should be no more than 25 references in original article and no more than 40 references in a review article.
  • Include permission to reproduce previously published material or to use illustrations that may identify human subjects.
  • Keep copies of everything submitted.
  1. MATERIAL FOR PUBLICATION

All manuscripts of original research should contain following sections

  1. a) Title Page: The title page should carry
  • The title of the article, which should be concise, specific and informative. Authors should include all information in the title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific.
  • Full name of each author, with his or her highest academic degree(s) and institutional affiliation.
  • The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed.
  • Disclaimers, if any.
  • The name and address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript.
  • The name and address of the author to whom requests for reprints should be
    addressed, source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these.
  • A short running head or footline of no more than 40 characters (count letters and spaces) at the foot of the title page.
  1. b) Abstract and Key Words: The second page should carry structured abstract of not more than 250 words.The abstract should state theobjective:purposes of the study or investigation; methodology: study design, place and duration of study, basic procedures as selection of study subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods; results: main findings giving specific data and their statistical significance, if possible and conclusion: the principal conclusions. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations.

Below the abstract authors should provide, and identify as such, 3 to 10 key words or short phrases that will assist indexers in cross-indexing the article and may be published with the abstract. Terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus should be used. If suitable MeSH-terms are not yet available for recently introduced terms, present terms may be used.

The main manuscript of original article is divided into subsections according to “IMRAD structure, with the headings Introduction, MethodologyResults and Discussion.

  1. c) Introduction: State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study or observation. Give only strictly pertinent references and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.
  2. d) Methodology: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly. Identify the age, sex, and other important characteristics of the subjects. Because the relevance of such variables as age, sex, and ethnicity to the object of research is not always clear, authors should explicitly justify them when they are included in a study report. The guiding principle should be clarity about how and why a study was done in a particular way. For example, authors should explain why only subjects of certain ages were included or why women were excluded. Authors should avoid terms such as "race," which lacks precise biological meaning, and use alternative descriptors such as "ethnicity" or "ethnic group" instead. Authors should specify carefully what the descriptors mean, and tell exactly how the data were collected (for example, what terms were used in survey forms, whether the data were self-reported or assigned by others, etc.). Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. Reports of randomized clinical trials should present information on all major study elements, including the protocol (study population, interventions or exposures, outcomes, and the rationale for statistical analysis), assignment of interventions (methods of randomization, concealment of allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding). Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract.
  3. e) Ethics: When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983. Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution's or a national research council's guide for, or any national law on, the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
  4. f) Statistics: Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as the use of P values, which fails to convey important quantitative information. Discuss the eligibility of experimental subjects. Give details about randomization. Describe the methods for and success of any blinding of observations. Report complications of treatment. Give numbers of observations. Report losses to observation (such as dropouts from a clinical trial). References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be to standard works when possible (with pages stated) rather than to papers in which the designs or methods were originally reported. Specify any general-use computer programs used. Put a general description of methods in the Methods section. When data are summarized in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess its support. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as "random" (which implies a randomizing device), "normal," "significant," "correlations," and "sample." Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols.
  5. g) Results: Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do notrepeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations.
  6. h) Discussion: Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section. Include in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the data. In particular, authors should avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such. Recommendations, when appropriate, may be included.
  7. i) Acknowledgments: List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Groups of persons who have contributed materially to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be listed under a heading such as "clinical investigators" or "participating investigators," and their function or contribution should be described for example, "served as scientific advisors," "critically reviewed the study proposal," "collected data," or "provided and cared for study patients." Because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions, all persons must have given written permission to be acknowledged.
  8. j) Contribution of author: The contribution of each author in the manuscript should also be mentioned.
  9. k) References: References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in parentheses. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Consult the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus, published annually as a separate publication by the library and as a list in the January issue of Index Medicus. The list can also be obtained through the library's web site Avoid using abstracts as references. References to papers accepted but not yet published should be designated as "in press" or "forthcoming"; authors should obtain written permission to cite such papers as well as verification that they have been accepted for publication. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. For scientific articles, authors should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication. The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents. The Uniform Requirements style (the Vancouver style) is based largely on an ANSI standard style adapted by the NLM for its databases. Notes have been added where Vancouver style differs from the style now used by NLM.
  • Standard journal articleList the first six authors followed by et al. Khan WA, Pervez K, Shah KA. Doppler patterns in cardiac tamponade. JPMI 1998;11: 153- More than six authors: Parkin DM, Clayton D, Black RJ, Masuyer E, Friedl HP, Ivanov E, et al. Childhood leukaemia in Europe after Chernobyl: 5 year follow-up. Br J Cancer 1996;73: 1006-12.
  • Article not in English(Note: NLM translates the title to English, encloses the translation in square brackets, and adds an abbreviated language designator.) Ryder TE, Haukeland EA, Solhaug JH. Bilateral infrapatellar seneruptur hostidligere frisk kvinne. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 1996;116:41-2.
  • Article containing retractionGarey CE, Schwarzman AL, Rise ML, Seyfried TN. Ceruloplasmin gene defect associated with epilepsy in EL mice [retraction of Garey CE, Schwarzman AL, Rise ML, Seyfried TN. In: Nat Genet 1994;6:426-31]. Nat Genet 1995;11:104.
  • Article with published erratumHamlin JA, Kahn AM. Herniography in symptomatic patients following inguinal hernia repair [published erratum appears in West J Med 1995;162:278]. West J Med 1995;162:28-31.
  • Chapter in a book (Note: Previous Vancouver style had a colon rather than a p before pagination.) Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press;1995. p. 465-78.
  • Conference proceedingsKimura J, Shibasaki H, editors. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology; 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1996.
  • Scientific or technical reportIssued by funding/sponsoring agency: Smith P, Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas (TX): Dept. of Health and Human Services (US), Office of Evaluation and Inspections; 1994 Oct. Report No.: HHSIGOEI69200860. Issued by performing agency: Field MJ, Tranquada RE, Feasley JC, editors. Health services research: work force and educational issues. Washington: National Academy Press; 1995. Contract No.: AHCPR282942008. Sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.
  1. l) Tables, Graphs, Illustrations and legends: Tables and graphs should be simple. Give Roman numerals in the order of their mention in the text. Provide a brief title for each. They should have a title and be numbered consecutively in the order they are mentioned in the text. Abbreviations should be defined in a double-spaced footnote at the end of the table. If any material in a table or a table itself has been taken from previously copyrighted material, a double spaced footnote must give full credit to the original source and permission of the author and publisher must be obtained. Send letters of permission to the Editor with the manuscript. Figures should be professionally drawn. Free hand lettering is unacceptable. Illustration can be photographed (Black and White glossy prints) and numbered and scanned for softcopy. If photographs of persons are to be used, either take permission from the person or make the picture unidentifiable. Black and White images (photographs) should be supplied as TIFF, JPEG, BMP, PSD and CDR files, to a minimum of 300 dpi.
  2. m) Conflict of Interest Notification Page: Authors should declare any potential conflict of interest and any financial support for the study may be disclosed as well.
  3. n) Short Reports: Short Reports should be limited to three type written pages on current research, a short introduction, methodology and results should be written under the same heading followed by brief comments and six to ten reference.
  4. o) Letters to the Editor: Letters to the Editor are considered for publication (subject to editing and abridgment) provided they do not contain material that has been submitted or published elsewhere. The letter must be typewritten and double-spaced. Its text, not including reference, must not exceed 250 words if it is in reference to a recent journal article, or 400 words in all other cases (please provide a word count). It must have no more than five references and one figure or table. Letters referring to a recent journal article must be received within four weeks of its publication. Please include your full address, telephone number, fax number an e-mail address.
  5. AUTHORSHIP: All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. An "author" is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should 1) have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) have given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship.
  6. PLAGIARISM
  • All articles submitted to Pak Heart J are subjected to plagiarism testing. Pak Heart J follows the standard definition and description of plagiarism (http://facpub.stjohns.edu/~roigm/plagiarism/Index.html) and endorses ICMJE and Higher Education Commission policies regarding plagiarism available on www.icmje.org and www.hec.gov.pk. All articles will be submitted to www.turnitin.com and final decision will be made by the editorial board.
  • Intellectual contribution and originality of every article is to be defined by the authors and this is the responsibility of authors to be aware of various forms of plagiarism like plagiarism of ideas, text, paraphrasing, self-plagiarism including redundant/duplicate publication, salami slicing( data fragmentation) and text recycling etc. Ignorance regarding plagiarism and its various forms will not be considered as excuse.
  • Any manuscript submitted for publication or a manuscript accepted for publication or even an article that has already been published in the journal is found to be plagiarized, the matter will be forwarded to disciplinary committee of Pak Heart J comprising of chief editor, managing editor and associate and assistant editor.
  • Disciplinary committee will immediately stop the further processing/ publication of the article and will ask for an explanation from the authors. The corresponding author will be required to respond with an explanation within 30 days of receiving the letter from the editor.
  • In case an acceptable explanation is provided by the author(s), the disciplinary committee may recommend appropriate changes after which the review process for the submitted manuscript may commence.
  • In case of non-response in the stipulated time or unsatisfactory explanation, the disciplinary committee will decide regarding the fate of the article and authors including
  • Rejection of the manuscript,
  • Withdrawn of already published article (as the case may be)
  • Debarment of the authors(s) from further publication in the Pak Heart J for one year or permanent depending upon the nature of offence.
  • The author will be on watch.
  • HEC, PMDC and author’s institute will be notified for information and possible action
  • In case of multiple submissions, other editors will also be informed. The author(s) will have to provide documentary proof of retraction from publication, if such a defense is pleaded.
  • Those claiming intellectual/idea or data theft of an article must provide documentary proof in their claim.

LEARNING CORNER

Images in cardiology* / interventional cardiology* / Electrophysiology * / Pediatric Cardiology*

Case reports published should have excellent images of rare or typical cardiac presentation. Image modalities include photography, echocardiography, computed tomography, Cardiac MRI and Pathology specimen.

Presentation:

Maximum word count 300 (no abstract required) up to 4 authors can include a maximum of 2 figures up to 3 references. Echocardiology, Cardiac MRI, and Angiographic clips can be sent with fixed pictures. Running images will be displayed on Pakistan Heart Journal Website.

  1. Title
  2. Author information
  3. Summary
  4. Case Description
  5. Authors contribution
  6. References
  7. Learning points
  8. Four Stem questions with answer if feasible.

* Single case supported by clinical details and three multiple choice questions with explanation. The images should be high quality and interest to cardiology presentation.

The format should be as under:

  1. Clinical Vignette (200 words)
  2. Single figure.
  3. Three multiple choice questions focused around case interpretation and further management. Each question should have five answers of which one is correct. All of the above and none of the above should be avoided.
  4. Explanation for correct answers to each question should be provided (50-100 words)
  5. References (Four maximum)

Additional images / videos should be provided as supplementary materials    

 

Processing and Publications Charges

Processing Fees

For local manuscripts, 1st of July 2022 onwards a non-refundable processing fee of Pak Rs. 5,000/- and for overseas 30 US Dollar will be charged against each submitted original article, review article, and case report. There will be no processing charges for the submission to learning corner, special communications, short communications, and editorial.

  • Submission of processing fees does not guarantee acceptance of a manuscript.
  • The publication fees are separate and are not included in the processing fees. Details regarding the publication fees can be found below.
  • If the article is withdrawn by the author after payment of the processing or publication fee, no refund will be made.

Publication Fees

Upon acceptance of the manuscript by the journal, a publishing fee will be charged. Details regarding the publication fees by category of the manuscript are given below.

  • Publication fees for original article and review article is Pak Rs. 15,000/- for local and 70 US Dollar for overseas.
  • Publication fees for case report is Pak Rs. 10,000/- for local and 70 US Dollar for overseas.

 

Author support and manuscript editing services

Local authors of the manuscripts submitted to Pakistan Heart Journal can avail author support and manuscript editing services. These services included;

  • Linguistic and grammatical editing.
  • Statistical consultancy, editing, results, tables, and charts editing.
  • Reference style formatting and editing.

Note: These services do not include plagiarism corrections.

 

Upon receiving of editing request, nature of editing services required will be graded as “Need Major Revision” or “Need Minor to Moderate Revision”. Charges of the editing services will be based on grading of required revisions; details are as under:

  • Charges for the manuscript required “Major Revisions” will be Pak Rs. 15,000/-
  • Charges for the manuscript required “Minor to Moderate Revisions” will be Pak Rs. 10,000/-
  • Submission of editing services fees does not guarantee acceptance of a manuscript.
  • The processing and publication fees are separate form editing services fees.
  • If the article is withdrawn by the author or rejected by the Editorial Board after payment of the editing services fees, no refund will be made.

Payment mode and Process:

Publication charges can be paid through Bank Transfer or by Bank Draft or Pay Order.

  • The Pay-Order / Bank Draft should be drawn in the name of Pakistan Cardiac Society and sent at the Editorial Office address:  Office # 102, 1st Floor, 131/II, Speedy Tower, Main Korangi Road, DHA Phase - I, Karachi, Pakistan. 
  • The publication/processing charges can be sent directly to our bank account under intimation to us. The relevant bank account details are as under:

    Title of Account: Pakistan Cardiac Society
    Account Number: 4099282303
    Name of Bank: National Bank of Pakistan NICVD Branch (0280)
    IBAN No: PK60NBPA0280004099282303

Please note that processing of the manuscript (processing / publication) will be undertaken only after receipt of the charges

Publication Office:

Chief Editor,

Pakistan Heart Journal,

Pakistan Cardiac Society, Karachi, Pakistan.

Email: pakheartj@gmail.com

Web site:https://pakheartjournal.com/

Learning Corner

Images in cardiology* / interventional cardiology* / Electrophysiology * / Pediatric Cardiology*

Case reports published should have excellent images of rare or typical cardiac presentation. Image modalities include photography, echocardiography, computed tomography, Cardiac MRI and Pathology specimen.

Presentation: Maximum word count 300 (no abstract required) up to 4 authors can include a maximum of 2 figures up to 3 references. Echocardiology Cardiac MRI clips can be sent with fixed pictures. Running images will be displayed on Pakistan Heart Journal Website.

  1. Title
  2. Author information
  3. Summary
  4. Case Description
  5. Authors contribution
  6. References
  7. Learning points
  8. Four Stem questions with answer if feasible.

* Single case supported by clinical details and three multiple choice questions with explanation. The images should be high quality and interest to cardiology presentation.

The format should be as under:

  1. Clinical Vignette (200 words)
  2. Single figure.
  3. Three multiple choice questions focused around case interpretation and further management. Each question should have five answers of which one is correct. All of the above and none of the above should be avoided.
  4. Explanation for correct answers to each question should be provided (50-100 words)
  5. References (Four maximum)
  6. Additional images / videos should be provided as supplementary materials

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