ELECTIVE CARDIOVERSION: INDICATIONS, SUCCESS AND COMPLICATIONS. FIVE YEAR EXPERIENCE IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN PAKISTAN
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the indications, success rate of elective cardioversion and its manifest complications.
Methodology: It is a retrospective study involving 53 patients. We reviewed the hospital records files for the demographic data including age, gender, as well as indication of cardioversion, duration of arrhythmia and date of cardioversion along with complications.
Results: Out of 53 patients, 58.5% (31) were males with a mean age of 48.17 ± 18.43 years. Arrhythmia related symptoms (palpitations and fatigue) were the indication for cardioversion in 44% (23) of the subjects. Our data showed that 98.1%( 52) were cardioverted to sinus rhythm successfully with a median energy of 100 joules. Out of those who underwent successful cardioversion, 92.5% (49) were followed up till 1 year after the cardioversion. At six week follow up, all the patients were found in sinus rhythm. At 6 months follow up, 94.2% (49) remained in sinus rhythm, while at 1 year follow up, 73% (38) of the patients remained in sinus rhythm. All patients were anticoagulated for at least four weeks after cardioversion. None of the patients required pacemaker and none of them developed stroke after cardioversion.
Conclusion: Electrical cardioversion for atrial fibrillation and flutter is a low risk procedure in our population and it has a high success rate and relatively low complications.