QUALITY OF LIFE AFTER PRIMARY PCI IN PAKISTANI POPULATION – DOES IT REALLY CHANGE?
Objectives: To evaluate the quality of life (QOL) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using short-form health survey (SF-36) questionnaire at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan.
Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study conducted at a tertiary care cardiac center in Pakistan. A total of 433 adult patients who undergone PCI at least six months before were included. The QOL was assessed using Urdu translated version of SF-36 questionnaire. QOL scores were computed on eight domains role physical (RP), role emotional (RE), bodily pain (BP), physical function (PF), mental health (MH), vitality, general health perception (GHP), and social function (SF) along with two summary scores for mental (MCS) and physical component (PPS).
Results: The highest mean score was reported for BP (73.8±19.7) followed by PF (61.7±24.3). In comparison to a year before, 52.9% and 24.7% rated their QOL somewhat better and much better respectively. Score for PF, RE, and RF were significantly higher in male, while, vitality was higher for female. Score of PPS was significantly higher for male whereas MCS score was higher for female. An increasing trend, with respect to patients’ perception of QOL compared to an year ago, was observed on five out of eight domains namely GHP, PF, RP, RE, and BP.
Conclusion: Improved QOL, compared to a year ago, is reported by most of the patients. An acceptable (>50) mean score was observed on most of the QOL domains of SF-36 and it was found to be positively related to the patient stated degrees of QOL.